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Protalix BioTherapeutics Presents Additional Positive Phase I/II Interim Clinical Data on PRX-102 for Fabry Disease at the WORLD Symposium
New Positive Clinical Data on Cardiac and Kidney Functions
Detailed Positive Clinical Data on All Disease Parameters
"The overall efficacy data generated for PRX-102 is remarkable, especially given the robustness of the different endpoints tested and considering that the data comes from the lowest dosing cohort of 0.2mg/kg," commented Dr.
Dr. Ozlem will be presenting interim results from the global, open-label, phase I/II dose-ranging trial. In the trial, 18 naïve male and female patients (11 male and 7 female) were enrolled across three dosing cohorts of 0.2 mg/kg, 1mg/kg and 2mg/kg for which intravenous infusions were administered every two weeks, with a six-month initial efficacy follow-up period.
PRX-102 has a significantly longer circulatory half-life (T½) of approximately 60 hours, and a substantially higher area under the curve (AUC) of approximately 70,000 ng/mL*hour for the 0.2mg/kg dose, when compared to currently marketed enzyme replacement therapies. These enhanced pharmacokinetic benefits are believed to be the result of the chemical modifications made to PRX-102, including cross-linking and covalent bonding to make the enzyme a more stable homo-dimer. The table below details the full pharmacokinetic profile of PRX-102.
The interim efficacy analysis includes 6 patients enrolled in the 0.2mg/kg dose group at six months of treatment (for Gb3 in renal peritubular capillaries n=5). The interim safety analysis includes 12 patients; 6 patients enrolled in the 0.2mg/kg dose group and 6 patients enrolled in the 1mg/kg dose group.
Clinical Data on Cardiac and Kidney Functions
The leading causes for death of Fabry patients include cardiovascular disease and renal failures. All patients that participated in the trial exhibited stable cardiac and kidney function with favorable trends after only six months of treatment, as measured by mean left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), ejection fraction (EF), estimated Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine protein.
The table below sets forth the mean absolute values, at baseline and after six months of treatment, and including percentage changes, which were scored in a randomized blinded manner.
Detailed Clinical Data on All Other Disease Parameters
Based on an analysis of kidney biopsies with randomized blinded scoring, PRX-102 demonstrated a major reduction from baseline in renal peritubular capillary Gb3 using both the quantitative Barisoni Lipid Inclusion Scoring System (BLISS) and the semi quantitative method. Using the BLISS method, a reduction in the rate of 82.2% for males, 65.4% for females and 75.5% for males and females combined were observed. Absolute change from baseline was -4.5, -1.2 and -3.2, respectively. Applying the semi quantitative scoring method, commonly used by approved enzyme replacement therapies, PRX-102 demonstrated a reduction of 69.6% in abnormal capillary score.
Patient Data for BLISS Score Analysis
Using the well-accepted Brief Pain Inventory scale, a 100% reduction in pain at its worst, a 60.0% reduction in mean severity, and 78.8% reduction on mean interference (which includes walking, working, sleeping, enjoyment of life and others) were observed. In addition to a 100% reduction in worst pain, all patients also reported a 100% reduction in mean interference, with the exception of one patient who experienced a 33.3% reduction.
Reductions of plasma Lyso-Gb3 and plasma Gb3 concentrations were also observed. Females (n=2) demonstrated a -2.4 ng/mL mean change in Lyso-Gb3 and a -0.4 µg/mL mean change in plasma Gb3. Males (n=4) demonstrated a -96.2 ng/mL and a -1.3 µg/mL change, respectively. All patients demonstrated a reduction in absolute Lyso-Gb3 concentration and all patients demonstrated a reduction in Gb3 except for one patient.
A meaningful reduction in the total score of Mainz Severity Score Index (MSSI), which looks at general, neurological, cardiovascular and renal parameters, was also demonstrated, with a reduction in all parameters included in MSSI.
The safety analysis for adverse events represents a total of 6.7 patient years (n=12). PRX-102 was well tolerated, with the majority of events being mild and moderate. Only 1 of the 12 patients evaluated for safety experienced hypersensitivity and discontinued per protocol. For this patient, anti PRX-102 IgG was negative and anti PRX-102 IgE was positive at baseline.
Six patients receiving the 0.2mg/kg dose and 2 patients receiving the 1mg/kg dose were evaluated for anti-drug antibody formation after six and three months of treatment, respectively. Of these 8 patients, only 2 patients, both in the 0.2 mg/kg dose cohort, developed anti-drug antibodies. All adverse events experienced by these patients were deemed by the investigators to be unrelated to the drug.
Enrollment in the phase I/II clinical trial of PRX-102 was completed in early February. All patients that completed the trial opted to continue to receive PRX-102 in an open-label extension study. The Company expects to report interim results from the 1mg/kg cohort in the third quarter of 2015, and full top-line results from all dosing cohorts in the fourth quarter of 2015.
Protalix is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of recombinant therapeutic proteins expressed through its proprietary plant cell-based expression system, ProCellEx®. Protalix's unique expression system presents a proprietary method for developing recombinant proteins in a cost-effective, industrial-scale manner. Protalix's first product manufactured by ProCellEx, taliglucerase alfa, was approved for marketing by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (
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CONTACT: Investor Contact Marcy Nanus